Impact ReportingImpact reporting measures and communicates the social, environmental, and economic impacts of an organization's activities, products, or services.
Impact reporting allows organizations to communicate positive and negative social and environmental footprints. The primary goal is to share both social and environmental materiality and outcomes. Impact reporting enables a commitment to sustainability and social change toward stakeholders.
Impact reporting often involves transparent communication of risk for shareholders and stakeholders. For mission-driven nonprofits, usually, this amounts to a social impact on stakeholders. Large companies with environmental risk portfolios often focus on zero carbon.
An impact report provides transparency and accountability for a company's actions. It also helps identify improvement areas. Additionally, it allows them to show their commitment to sustainability and corporate responsibility. Companies can measure progress towards sustainability goals as well.
Companies can also identify new business opportunities through impact reporting.
A company can use many frameworks and guidelines to create an impact report. Likewise, many frameworks and standards are available depending on the reporting lens.
For example, we use TCFD, GRI, GRESB, and CDP for sustainability. Therefore, impact investment IRIS+ is appropriate. Organizations focused on charity, or social impact should use the impact metrics aligned with the theory of change or logic model.
How do design impact reports?
Impact report is not about cherry-picking positive stories that organizations did for society. Instead, it is a transparent depiction of their positive and negative impact on people, the planet, and profit.
- Strategic Goals: Begin the report by stating the organization's strategic goals and objectives. This sets the context for the information and helps to clarify the purpose and focus of the initiatives, programs, or projects. For example, an organization working to improve health outcomes for "disadvantaged communities" might have a strategic goal of "reducing infant mortality rates by 10%".
- Problem Statement: State the problem or challenge that the organization is addressing. This should include background information on the issue and the population or environment that the organization is working with. For example, an organization working to improve health outcomes for disadvantaged communities might state that these communities have higher infant mortality rates than other communities.
- Theory of Change: Explain the organization's theory of change or the logic behind how its initiatives, programs, or projects are expected to lead to desired outcomes. For example, an organization working to improve health outcomes for disadvantaged communities might explain that they hope to see reductions in infant mortality rates by providing access to high-quality primary care and prenatal care.
- Communicating the Theory of Change: Be sure to share the theory of change in the report so that the intended audience can easily understand it. This may include using visual aids such as diagrams or flowcharts to explain the logic and assumptions behind the theory of change.
- Process of Collecting Impact Evidence: Describe the methods used to collect data and evidence, including the time frame, sampling methods, and data collection instruments. This information helps to ensure that the data is credible and reliable. For example, a group trying to improve healthcare for people who don't have as much money or resources might tell people that they gathered information by asking patients questions and talking to doctors and nurses.
- Verification of Data and Outcomes: Report on the results of the data analysis and the outcomes that have been achieved. Use appropriate visualizations such as tables, charts, or graphs to communicate the data effectively. Be sure to include both quantitative and qualitative data if available. For example, an organization working to improve health outcomes for disadvantaged communities might report that their program led to a 10% reduction in infant mortality rates.
- Summary of Key Learnings: Summarize the key learnings from the report and discuss what worked well, what didn't, and why. This section should be used to reflect on the critical lessons learned and to identify areas for improvement in the future.
- Stakeholder Feedback: Share feedback and views from stakeholders, including beneficiaries, partners, donors, and other organizations. This helps to build trust and engagement with stakeholders.
- Storytelling: Use storytelling to bring the report to life by highlighting the experiences of individuals or communities impacted by the organization's work. This can help to humanize the data and make it more relatable to readers.
How to write impact report
Social Impact Reporting is a communication strategy used to convey the change created by an organization or activity and how it was made. An impact report is not just a description of the stakeholder activities affecting the change because it also should include analysis about how much difference happened.
Sharing your organization’s impact with stakeholders is not a linear process. It is more than sharing inputs and outputs. The method of collecting, analyzing, and reporting information to internal and external stakeholders is critical to keep your organization on track to deliver impact. Communicating and learning from your data is as important as your organization’s frontline work.
What makes an impact report effective?
Effective impact reporting is a cyclical process that involves many stakeholders.
An impact report should communicate results that flow from the beneficiary's voice to the asset (the nonprofit or for-profit social enterprise, for example). It should also be accessible to asset managers and owners (think funders, like investors).
An effective impact report involves a step-by-step systems approach. And it is cyclical!
Diagram credit: Effective Reporting Framework from Sustainability Reporting to Improve Organizational Performance
Best Practices of Social Impact Reporting
- It makes the beneficiary's voice heard
- It goes beyond outputs and describes outcomes (e.g., Between Time A and Time B, there was X% of change)
- Uses known impact frameworks (e.g., the Sustainable Development Goals) or combines them with customized frameworks
- Describes how results were obtained (surveys, analyses
- Is transparent about any negative impacts generated and/or areas of improvement. It should be honest about the challenges and any shortcomings in the project execution and impact.
- It is strategically designed for its intended audience. Reports should be tailored to the specific audience it is intended for, with language and data visualization easily understood by that audience.
Often asset managers aggregate governance or activity/output. This needs to be corrected! It is not an impact report if organizations do not involve stakeholder outcomes. Period!
Lean Data Feedback System
Enterprises frequently collect feedback data in various forms depending on the relationship with their beneficiary. Data from rural beneficiaries come from simple offline tools and paper.
Factory worker feedback data comes from SMS or survey apps. Larger organizations may use online data management systems such as Salesforce, a custom solution, or a proprietary application.
These methods can create data islands of Excel / Google Spreadsheets, which cannot be easily reconciled and may lose integrity. More importantly, most enterprises cannot use data insights to decide their product or service feedback.
Impact Cloud provides a data warehouse solution. While data warehouse may sound like a complicated IT solution, unlike enterprise/corporate data warehouse, this platform is designed not to have to be super tech-savvy to use it.
The project manager's innovative importing process enables offline aggregation and SMS and online data in non-real-time and real-time. This approach's best part is empowering assets to receive faster feedback.
Another feature, Project Insight, uses advanced technology to find results from a beneficiary using qualitative and quantitative data analysis. It's a "Lean Data" approach that could potentially save organizations considerable time and investment.
How can we speak uniform impact language from a beneficiary to the asset owners? To start, we have to align Outcomes & Metrics between the Asset Owner/Manager & Asset.
When all the organizations use the same system, metrics, and outcomes, setting up the system is even more comfortable because the Asset Manager and Asset can quickly provide different access levels for a story, result, and beneficiary data.
Once metrics are shared with the Asset, they can use simple formulas to calculate results year after year or for a specific reporting period.
While funders (Asset Owners) must define their impact theses and impact frameworks (or Logical Frameworks), the real test remains in the alignment of similar core metrics between their investees while also co-creating valuable social impact stories based on relevant outcomes and beneficiary insights.
The impact report for Asset Owners and Asset Managers must align with the original impact thesis. Faster and real-time data flow between different ecosystem players forces better financial and social accountability downwards and creates a better trust between other players.
Impact Report Design Training
Impact Reporting Checklist
01. DESIGN PRINCIPLES
- Five dimensions of impact based reporting which allows holistic reporting and better storytelling
- Impact strategy is a long term and iterative process. An organization should clearly describe start small but measurable approaches and improve the process until they get a holistic impact of funding.
- Document future state impact strategy, including targets and progress towards both positive and negative impact.
- Impact reports are not about gloating. Readers will reward you for transparent results, learning from the stakeholders, and concrete steps to mitigate negative impact or progress towards targets.
02. IMPACT DATA DESIGN
Several underlying qualities make a good impact on reporting. Using these qualities to guide creating an impact report will ensure that the story serves its function and lends credibility to the activities being carried out to change.
It can be tempting to focus exclusively on the good news.
Think broadly to give a balanced picture of your organization's performance. Consider shorter- and longer-term horizons, governance, emerging issues and opportunities, and multiple points of view.
b. Inclusive perspectives
When thinking about your organizational performance and impact, it is critical that you capture your beneficiaries' perspective.
Don’t just assume, ASK. -- For frankness and transparency, this can be through direct anonymous reporting, an electronic survey, or your website. Some simple approaches to capturing these include net promoter score (NPS) or progress out of poverty (Poverty Probability Index). Consider including the images, words, and stories of your beneficiaries in your external publications.
Impact communication is credible or believable to stakeholders when they are consistent, representative, and error-free. Your organization does not operate in a vacuum. Ensure that you have done your research and explained why each aspect of your change-making process was done a certain way, from Input data and Compilation Processes to Information Outputs and Engagement Processes.
d. Triangulate with other data
Impact information is more credible to stakeholders when it is consistent with data from other sources. Where appropriate, and especially if your findings are surprising, use external data for context. Maybe the improvement in health outcomes is consistent with dropping rates of HIV or malaria? Were changes in educational outcomes result from a state policy change? Was micro-lending affected by low international interest rates?
e. Reporting Framework
One easy way to help ensure that your reporting is credible, balanced, and comparable is to use an established reporting framework. A lot of thinking and stakeholder engagement has gone into creating these frameworks, which variously guide principles, subject matter, quality standards, and other measures to which you can align.
As with adopting or aligning to standard metrics, using a respected and familiar framework can be an easy way to establish a shared frame of reference with your stakeholders. It also enables your impact performance to be easily understood and compared by stakeholders with a top-down or comparative perspective.
The Sustainable development goals (SDG) are increasingly baked into prominent reporting frameworks, ensuring SDG alignment. For a primer on SDG-based reporting, please read “Aligning Impact Reporting to the Sustainable Development Goals.” The SDG Indicator Wizard (pictured) is also a good place to begin to align with the SDGs.
It is also worth keeping in mind that frameworks are designed with various purposes in mind, and just because a framework is ‘good’ doesn’t mean that it’s a good framework for telling your impact story. Reporting frameworks can be optimized for many things:
- Purpose can be screening, monitoring, reporting, or evaluation
- Time perspective can be prospective, ongoing, or retrospective
- Orientation can focus on input, output, or outcome
- Timeframes can be short, medium, or long-term
- Beneficiary focus can be micro (individual), meso (corporation), macro (society)
- General approach can evaluate processes, evaluate impact, or attempt to express your impact in monetary value (SROI)
In recent years, frameworks that have been primarily developed with for-profit companies in mind are used for the social sector. GRI is the dominant corporate reporting framework for environmental and social issues.
Similarly, the London Benchmarking Group recently rolled out LBG for Community, a simple input, output, impact framework for non-profits to use in reporting back to their corporate partners. It includes a set of guiding principles for practitioners across non-profit and corporate sectors responsible for negotiating impact measurement, reporting, and partnerships.
Comparable impact information is provided in sufficient detail and in a format that enables users to match it to similar information across different organizations in an industry, and between years for the same organization. Comparability allows users to make decisions about the organization and choose between alternatives.
Make your impact information easy to find for your stakeholders. For example, if they want to know how many respondents participated in a survey and how were they contacted, they should be able to find out. Good metadata also improves the credibility of your impact communication, because you are supplying stakeholders with sufficient information to make a critical assessment of the quality and representativeness of your impact information.
g. Integrated with strategy
Impact information is integrated with strategy when it clearly ties impact goals to organizational goals. If your impact data collection has been driven by your vision, mission, and theory of change, it is hard for your impact communication to be anything other than integrated with strategy.
If you are starting impact measurement and reporting for an existing organization, your impact communication should reflect the organization’s larger strategy, and track progress toward the strategy. Organizational strategy drives choices about what data to collect and how to present information. The findings of your impact measurement informs and influences the strategic management of the overall organization.
DESIGNING SOCIAL IMPACT REPORTINGFind out how to design effective impact report
SOCIAL IMPACT REPORT
The ideal impact report takes the reader (i.e. stakeholder) through the processes used to achieve the impact. This includes detailing things like an investment thesis, impact thesis, which metrics frameworks were used (e.g. Sustainable Development Goals, IRIS, etc.), the outcomes achieved, and the path forward.
In more general terms here are three key areas fundamental to every impact report:
- 01 Executive Summary
- 02 Impact Strategy and Goals
- 03 Data Visualization
Whether you are reporting on the overall work of your organization, a portfolio of investment, the effectiveness of a single initiative program, or social return on investment or funding, you should be guided by a strategy.
Don’t make your stakeholders guess what that is, tell them! The impact goals you aim to meet along the way to achieving your vision can be expressed as outcomes or based on indicators.
Outcome: What are the big issues that you are trying to move the needle on? These should clearly align with your mission and project goals. Additionally, you may choose to align with sectoral or global goals such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Indicators: What performance gauges are on your dashboard to show how you’re tracking? Whether or not you publish them for external stakeholders, we recommend monitoring key social, financial and operational indicators throughout the year to ensure that you’re staying on track. Select perhaps five key indicators with three years of data to understand how much they typically vary.
Data visualization helps users analyze information by making complex data more accessible, understandable and usable. Think carefully about what you are trying to say with your data—what are they evidence of?— and choose an appropriate chart or graphic to show that.
Data Visualization in Impact Reports
Communicating impact shouldn't be paragraph after paragraph of text. Images often speak more powerfully, especially to specific stakeholders. Visualizing your data and your analyses' results can allow those insights to be more easily digested without losing their credibility or strength. With that said, keep in mind the following tips.
Things to watch out for when presenting data in charts and tables:
- Large ‘other’ category
- Bar charts that do not start at 0 on the y-axis
- Confusing correlation with causation
- Improper use of averages--do you want a mean or a median?
- Abuse of pie charts: too many items, too much detail, confusing colors, similar slices
- Too much color; visual clutter
Nonprofit Impact Reporting
10 Best Practices for Designing Nonprofit Impact Reports
- Clearly define your organization's mission and goals, and ensure that your impact reporting aligns with these.
- Use a consistent format for reporting, and ensure that the information is easy to understand for internal and external audiences.
- Use a mix of quantitative and qualitative data to provide a comprehensive understanding of your organization's impact.
- Collect data regularly, and use it to track progress and identify areas for improvement.
- Share your impact report with a wide range of stakeholders, including donors, board members, and the communities you serve.
- Be transparent about any limitations or challenges faced in achieving your impact, and use them as opportunities for learning and improvement.
- Continuously evaluate and improve your impact reporting process to ensure that it is practical and relevant.
- Consider getting an independent evaluation or third-party certification to verify your impact reporting.
- Be sure to comply with any legal and regulatory requirements related to impact reporting.
- Use impact reporting as an opportunity to communicate the value and impact of your organization to the public, policymakers, and funders.
Monitoring and Evaluation Reporting (M&E Reporting)
10 Best Practices of Monitoring and Evaluation Report Best Practices
- Clearly define the goals and objectives of the program or project being evaluated.
- Establish a monitoring and evaluation plan, including what data will be collected and how it will be analyzed.
- Use various data collection methods, including both quantitative and qualitative methods.
- Regularly collect and analyze data to track progress and identify areas for improvement.
- Communicate findings to relevant stakeholders concise and actionable manner.
- Use data to inform decision-making and continuously improve program or project implementation.
- Ensure that monitoring and evaluation is an ongoing process, not just one-time event.
- Adhere to ethical principles in data collection and analysis, particularly regarding participant confidentiality and informed consent.
- Continuously review and update the monitoring and evaluation plan as needed.
- Engage the stakeholders, beneficiaries, and the community in the monitoring and evaluation to ensure ownership and sustainability.
Impact Investing Reporting
Best practices for designing effective investors impact reporting
- Clearly define your impact investing goals and strategies, and ensure that they align with the Global Impact Investing Network (GIIN) Impact Management Project (IMP) framework and/or the Impact Reporting and Investment Standards (IRIS) + metrics.
- Do not force-fit IRIS+ metrics when aligning with your investment portfolio company. Often investments (investee) theory of change and metrics can be quite unique. Hence, engaging each of them on a proper outcome is more critical than using IRIS+.
- Sopact Impact Strategy APP allows you and the investee to align impact faster. Remember, IRIS+ looks primarily from an investor's point of view.
- Use a consistent format for reporting, and ensure that the information is easy to understand for internal and external audiences.
- Use quantitative and qualitative data to understand your impact investing portfolio's performance and impact comprehensively. This should align with the outcome-based approach, as defined by the IRIS+ framework.
- Collect data regularly, and use it to track progress and identify areas for improvement. Use data to track and report the outcomes, outputs, and impacts defined by the IRIS+ framework.
- Share your impact report with a wide range of stakeholders, including investors, board members, and the communities you serve.
- Be transparent about any limitations or challenges faced in achieving your impact investing goals, and use them as opportunities for learning and improvement.
- Continuously evaluate and improve your impact reporting process to ensure that it is effective, accurate, and relevant.
- Consider getting an independent evaluation or third-party certification to verify your impact reporting.
- Comply with any legal and regulatory requirements related to impact investing reporting.
- Use impact reporting as an opportunity to communicate the value and impact of your impact investing portfolio to the public, policymakers, and investors.
CSR Report Template
A Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) report is a document that outlines a company's efforts to address social and environmental issues and to operate responsibly and sustainably. The purpose of a CSR report is to provide transparency and accountability to stakeholders, such as shareholders, employees, customers, and the community, about a company's social and environmental performance.
Companies of all sizes and industries should consider writing a CSR report as it is an effective way to communicate their commitment to social and environmental responsibility and to demonstrate their positive impact on society and the planet.
Corporate Sustainability Report Template
A CSR report typically includes information on a company's policies, programs, and initiatives related to social and environmental responsibility, such as:
- Community engagement and philanthropy
- Employee engagement and diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI)
- Environmental sustainability
- Supply chain management
- Human rights and ethical conduct
- Governance and ethics
An Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) report is similar to a CSR report but focuses more on the environmental and governance aspects of a company's social responsibility. As a result, it is more specific to the environmental and social risks and opportunities a company faces and how it manages them.
A DEI report specifically focuses on a company's diversity, equity, and inclusion initiatives; it will include data and metrics on the company’s progress on DEI initiatives, such as workforce diversity, equity and inclusion, and supplier diversity.
In summary, a CSR report is a comprehensive report that covers a wide range of social and environmental responsibility topics. In contrast, an ESG report focuses more on the environmental and governance aspects, and a DEI report focuses specifically on diversity, equity, and inclusion initiatives.
Sustainability Reporting or ESG Reporting
When stakeholders are primarily in the corporate sector, you'll have a greater need to align standards to a CSR or Sustainability focus. Case studies also provided by the GRI will be essential as foundational learning before creating CSR-aligned impact reports for the first time.
Several CSR certifications may help your organization and create a different structure for the impact reporting process. One of the most well-established is the SA8000 Certification, developed by Social Accountability International. Other CSR accountability standards include the ISO 26000 Evaluation and those included in services provided by established organizations like Bureau Veritas.
Impact Reporting Examples and Variations
While list above provides most frequent audience, below you can find additional types of impact reporting examples
The SDG Report is typically written by national governments in collaboration with international organizations such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and other partners. National governments are responsible for producing the report, which provides a comprehensive assessment of progress toward achieving the SDGs in their country. However, other entities such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil society organizations, private sector organizations, and academic institutions can also consider writing the report. They can provide additional perspectives and information on the progress toward achieving the SDGs and contribute to the report's completeness and inclusiveness.
It's important to note that national governments are ultimately responsible for the report. Still, they can and should involve other entities as well as experts in the process of writing the report. This can help to ensure that the report is comprehensive, accurate, and relevant to the needs of different stakeholders.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) report tracks progress toward achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs are a set of 17 global goals adopted by the United Nations in 2015 to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
The goal of the SDG Report is to provide a comprehensive assessment of progress toward achieving the SDGs at the global, regional, and national levels. The report is intended to inform policy-making and to mobilize action to achieve the SDGs.
The most important criteria for the SDG Report include the following:
- Relevance: The report should focus on the SDGs and their targets and indicators and provide information relevant to decision-making.
- Completeness: The report should provide a comprehensive assessment of progress toward achieving the SDGs, including an analysis of progress, challenges, and opportunities.
- Transparency: The report should be transparent and easily accessible, providing clear and concise information that is easy to understand.
- Timeliness: The report should be produced and disseminated on time to inform policy-making and mobilize action.
- Methodological soundness: The report should use robust and internationally comparable data and methods and be based on internationally agreed standards and guidelines.
- Indicator-based: The report should be based on the SDGs and their targets and indicators and provide information on progress toward achieving these targets.
- Inclusiveness: The report should consider the perspectives and experiences of all stakeholders, including governments, civil society, the private sector, and academia.
- Participation: The report should involve all stakeholders, including governments, civil society, the private sector, and academia.
- Evidence-based: The report should be based on reliable and up-to-date data and evidence and free of political bias.
- Action-oriented: The report should provide concrete recommendations for action to achieve the SDGs.
Community reports are typically written by organizations or government entities that serve a specific community or geographic area. These organizations may include non-profits, local government agencies, schools, or businesses.
The primary purpose of a community report is to provide an overview of the community's current condition and progress, as well as the organization's activities and impact within the community. In addition, community reports can inform the public, stakeholders, and funders about the organization's mission, goals, and accomplishments.
A community report should include the following key elements:
- Community profile: An overview of the community's demographics, economy, and other relevant information that provides context for the organization's work.
- Organization's mission and activities: A description of the organization's mission, goals, and programs, along with statistics on the number of people served and outcomes achieved.
- Impact: An assessment of the organization's impact on the community, including any measurable results or successes.
- Community partnerships: A description of the organization's partnerships with other organizations, government agencies, and businesses in the community.
- Financial Information: A summary of the organization's funding sources and expenses, including a statement of the organization's financial health.
- Plans: A brief overview of the organization's plans for the future, including goals and strategies for achieving them.
- Call to action: Encouraging readers to get involved and support the organization's mission and work.
Overall, community reports are an essential tool for organizations to communicate their value and impact to their stakeholders and the community they serve, and also a way to build trust and engagement.
Nonprofit Annual Report Examples
Overall, nonprofit annual reports serve as a transparent and accountable way to inform stakeholders about the organization's activities, impact, and financial health, and also as a way to acknowledge and thank donors. An excellent example of a nonprofit annual report is the one published by the American Red Cross. It includes the following key elements:
- Executive Summary: A brief overview of the organization's mission, major accomplishments, and financial highlights for the year.
- Financial Information: A detailed report of the organization's revenue, expenses, and assets, including an independent auditor's report.
- Program Description: The organization's programs and services, including statistics on the number of people served and outcomes achieved.
- Board of Directors and Staff: A list of the organization's board of directors and key staff members, along with their biographies.
- Donor Recognition: A list of donors who have made significant contributions to the organization and a summary of the organization's fundraising activities.
- Future plans: A brief overview of the organization's plans for the future, including goals and strategies for achieving them.
- Audited Financial Statements
Donor Impact Report Example
A donor impact report is a document that shows the impact of a specific donation or group of donations to a nonprofit organization. It is intended to provide transparency and accountability to donors and show them how their contributions have made a difference.
An example of a purpose for a donor impact report might be to show the results of a fundraising campaign for a specific project, such as building a new community center. The report might include information such as the total amount raised, the number of donors, a breakdown of expenses, and a description of the progress made on the project. It could also include pictures or testimonials from people impacted by the project.
Impact Assessment Report
An impact assessment report is a document that describes the potential effects of a proposed project, program, or policy on different stakeholders and the environment. The report typically includes an analysis of the project's social, economic, and environmental impacts, as well as an assessment of the risks and benefits associated with it. Impact assessment reports are used to inform decision-making and to ensure that a project is sustainable and socially responsible.
Organizations, government agencies, and companies considering undertaking a project or implementing a policy that may impact the community or the environment should consider using an impact assessment report.
A team should write an impact assessment report of experts with knowledge and experience in the areas relevant to the project, such as environmental science, social science, and economics. The team should also include representatives from the community or the groups affected by the project.
An impact assessment report should include the following elements:
- A description of the proposed project, program, or policy, including its objectives, scope, and location.
- An analysis of the project's potential social, economic, and environmental impacts on stakeholders, including the community, workers, and the environment.
- A description of the potential risks and benefits associated with the project and an assessment of how these risks and benefits can be mitigated or maximized.
- An assessment of the alternatives to the proposed project and an analysis of the costs and benefits associated with each option.
- A summary of the findings and recommendations for the project, including measures that can be taken to mitigate negative impacts and maximize positive impacts.
- Appendices (if needed)
It's important to mention that impact assessment reports should be written in clear and concise language and accessible to all stakeholders, including those who are not experts in the field.
Impact reporting resources
- Impact Reporting and Investment Standards (IRIS): https://www.iris.thegiin.org/
- International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC): https://integratedreporting.org/
- GRI Standards: https://www.globalreporting.org/standards/
- Nonprofit Impact Reporting Tool: https://www.nff.org/impact-reporting-tool/
- Impact Management Project: https://impactmanagementproject.com/
- Charitable Giving Report: https://www.givingusa.org/
- Guide to Annual Reports for Nonprofit Organizations: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/guide-to-annual-reports-for-nonprofit-organizations-2533776
- Nonprofit Annual Report Design and Writing Guide: https://nonprofitmarketingguide.com/guide/nonprofit-annual-report-design-writing-guide/
- Three Elements of Great Social Impact Reporting
- Measuring What Matters: A Hub for Impact Reporting Tools
- Social Reporting Standard: Making Impact Visible
- Principles of Good Impact Reporting
- A Guide to Writing an Effective Impact Report for Nonprofits
In conclusion, Impact reporting is a crucial tool for demonstrating the effectiveness of an organization's work and for informing decision-making, planning, and fundraising. By following a step-by-step guide and including key elements such as strategic goals, problem statement, key theory of change, the process of collecting evidence, verification of data and outcome, a summary of key learning, stakeholder feedback, and storytelling, organizations can create an impact report that effectively communicates their results and outcomes.